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  [상식] 역대 노벨화학상 수상자 및 수상내용 (1989~2016)
  글쓴이 : 스테파노   고유ID : Stefano     날짜 : 16-12-27 14:40     조회 : 2196    

The Nobel Prizes in Chemistry

(1901~2016)

2016    Jean-Pierre SauvageSir J. Fraser Stoddart and Bernard L. Feringa

"for the design and synthesis of molecular machines"

2015     Tomas LindahlPaul Modrich and Aziz Sancar

"for mechanistic studies of DNA repair"

2014     Eric BetzigStefan W. Hell and William E. Moerner

"for the development of super-resolved fluorescence microscopy"

2013     Martin KarplusMichael Levitt and Arieh Warshel

"for the development of multiscale models for complex chemical systems"

2012     Robert J. Lefkowitz and Brian K. Kobilka

"for studies of G-protein-coupled receptors"

2011     Dan Shechtman

"for the discovery of quasicrystals"

2010     Richard F. HeckEi-ichi Negishi and Akira Suzuki

"for palladium-catalyzed cross couplings in organic synthesis"

2009     Venkatraman RamakrishnanThomas A. Steitz and Ada E. Yonath

"for studies of the structure and function of the ribosome"

2008     Osamu ShimomuraMartin Chalfie and Roger Y. Tsien

"for the discovery and development of the green fluorescent protein, GFP"

2007     Gerhard Ertl

"for his studies of chemical processes on solid surfaces"

2006     Roger D. Kornberg

"for his studies of the molecular basis of eukaryotic transcription"

2005     Yves ChauvinRobert H. Grubbs and Richard R. Schrock

"for the development of the metathesis method in organic synthesis"

2004     Aaron CiechanoverAvram Hershko and Irwin Rose

"for the discovery of ubiquitin-mediated protein degradation"

2003     Peter Agre

"for the discovery of water channels in cell membranes "

             Roderick MacKinnon

"for structural and mechanistic studies of ion channels"

2002     The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2002

"for the development of methods for identification and structure analyses of biological macromolecules"

John B. Fenn and Koichi Tanaka

"for their development of soft desorption ionisation methods for mass spectrometric analyses of biological macromolecules"

Kurt Wüthrich

"for his development of nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy for determining the three-dimensional structure of biological macromolecules in solution"

2001     William S. Knowles and Ryoji Noyori

"for their work on chirally catalysed hydrogenation reactions"

K. Barry Sharpless

"for his work on chirally catalysed oxidation reactions"

2000     Alan J. HeegerAlan G. MacDiarmid and Hideki Shirakawa

"for the discovery and development of conductive polymers"

1999     Ahmed H. Zewail

"for his studies of the transition states of chemical reactions using femtosecond spectroscopy"

1998     Walter Kohn

"for his development of the density-functional theory"

             John A. Pople

"for his development of computational methods in quantum chemistry"

1997     Paul D. Boyer and John E. Walker

"for their elucidation of the enzymatic mechanism underlying the synthesis of adenosine triphosphate (ATP)"

             Jens C. Skou

"for the first discovery of an ion-transporting enzyme, Na+, K+ -ATPase"

1996     Robert F. Curl Jr.Sir Harold W. Kroto and Richard E. Smalley

"for their discovery of fullerenes"

1995     Paul J. CrutzenMario J. Molina and F. Sherwood Rowland

"for their work in atmospheric chemistry, particularly concerning the formation and decomposition of ozone"

1994     George A. Olah

"for his contribution to carbocation chemistry"

1993     The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1993

"for contributions to the developments of methods within DNA-based chemistry"

Kary B. Mullis

"for his invention of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method"

             Michael Smith

"for his fundamental contributions to the establishment of oligonucleotide-based, site-directed mutagenesis and its development for protein studies"

1992     Rudolph A. Marcus

"for his contributions to the theory of electron transfer reactions in chemical systems"

1991     Richard R. Ernst

"for his contributions to the development of the methodology of high resolution nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy"

1990     Elias James Corey

"for his development of the theory and methodology of organic synthesis"

1989     Sidney Altman and Thomas R. Cech

"for their discovery of catalytic properties of RNA" [이 게시물은 스테파노님에 의해 2019-11-12 15:53:17 화공실무에서 이동 됨]


   

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